SAFETY DATA SHEET according to Regulation 1907/2006
Product name:


Creation date: 2.3.2009 · Revision: 6.1.2016 · Version: 2.0

1. Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

1.1. Product identifier

Product name



Calcined Alumina, Kalzinierte Tonerde, Calcinata allumina, Kalcinirana glinica: SALOX M-1 (GKE), SALOX M-1FG (GKE-MF), SALOX M-S1 (GKEV), SALOX 100 (GKM), SALOX S15 (GKT), SALOX S15SG (GKT-SG)

Chemical name

aluminium oxide (CAS: 1344-28-1, EC: 215-691-6)

REACH Registration number


1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against


Raw material in the refractories, ceramics, glass and chemical industries, abrasives, polishing aids; use as an additive, filler, pigment

Uses advised against

No information

1.3. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet


SILKEM, d. o. o.
Address: Tovarniška cesta 10, 2325 Kidričevo, Slovenia
Tel.: +386 2 7991 200
Fax: +386 2 7991 230

1.4. Emergency telephone number




+386 2 7991 214 (7h - 15h)

2. Hazards identification

2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

Classification according to Reg. 1272/2008

According to the regulation, the chemical is not classified as hazardous.

2.2 Label elements

2.2.1. Labelling according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [CLP]

P261  Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280  Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P304 + P340  IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

2.2.2. Contains:


2.2.3. Special provisions

The product is not classified as dangerous according to regulations.

2.3. Other hazards

No information

3. Composition/information on ingredients

3.1. Substances

Chemical name CAS
% Classification according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 [CLP] Classification according to directive 67/548/EEC or 99/45/EC REACH reg. number
aluminium oxide 1344-28-1
99.3-99.7 not classified not classified 01-2119529248-35-0068

3.2. Mixtures

For substances see 3.1.

4. First aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures

General measures

Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Place patient stably in side position for transportation.


Remove patient to fresh air-move out of dangerous area. If symptoms persist seek medical attention.

Skin contact

Take off all contaminated clothing. If feeling unwell seek medical help. Areas of the body that have come into contact with the product must be rinsed with water.

Eye contact

Immediately flush eyes with running water, keeping eyelids open. If irritation persist, seek professional medical attention.


Do not induce vomiting. Rinse mouth with water. In case of doubt or if feeling unwell seek medical help. Show the physician the Safety Data Sheet or label.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed


Breathing dust can irritate the respiratory tract.

Skin contact

No irritant effects.

Eye contact

Dust may irritate the eyes.


No data.

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed


5. Firefighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

Carbon dioxide. Dry chemical powder. Water spray. Alcohol resistant foam.

Unsuitable extinguishing media

Full water jet.

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Hazardous combustion products


5.3. Advice for firefighters

Protective actions


Special protective equipment for fire-fighters

Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective clothing for fire-fighters (including helmets, protective boots and gloves) (EN 469) and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece (EN 137) .


6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

6.1.1. For non-emergency personnel

Protective equipment

Use personal protective equipment (Section 8).

Emergency procedures

Ensure adequate ventilation.

6.1.2. For emergency responders


6.2. Environmental precautions

If accidental entry into water or ground occurs, inform responsible authorities.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

6.3.1. For containment


6.3.2. For cleaning up

Collect in a suitable container and dispose according to regulations.

6.3.3. Other information


6.4. Reference to other sections

See also sections 8 and 13.

7. Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling

7.1.1. Protective measures

Measures to prevent fire

Ensure adequate ventilation.

Measures to prevent aerosol and dust generation

Prevent dusting.

Measures to protect the environment


7.1.2. Advice on general occupational hygiene

Use good personal hygiene practices-wash hands at breaks and when done working with material. Do not eat, drink or smoke while working. Do not breathe dust.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

7.2.1. Technical measures and storage conditions

Keep in cool and well ventilated area. Keep away from food, drink and animal feedingstuffs.

7.2.2. Packaging materials


7.2.3. Requirements for storage rooms and vessels


7.2.4. Storage class


7.2.5. Further information on storage conditions


7.3. Specific end use(s)



Industrial sector specific solutions


8. Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

8.1.1. Occupational Exposure limit values

Chemical name (CAS) Limit values Short-term exposure limit Remarks Biological Tolerance Values
Aluminium oxides inhalable dust (1344-28-1) - 10 - -
Aluminium oxides respirable dust (1344-28-1) - 4 - -

Exposure limit values (IUCLID)

Chemical name value interval x time Type
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) 2 mg/m3 10 mg/m3 (6 x 8h) MAK (DE)
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) 5 mg/m3 10 mg/m3 (6 x 8h) MAC (NL)
Source: IUCLID (For information only)

8.1.2. Information on monitoring procedures

BS EN 14042:2003 Title Identifier: Workplace atmospheres. Guide for the application and use of procedures for the assessment of exposure to chemical and biological agents.

8.1.3. DNEL values

No information

8.1.4. PNEC values

No information

8.2. Exposure controls

8.2.1. Appropriate engineering control

Substance/mixture related measures to prevent exposure during identified uses

Use good personal hygiene practices-wash hands at breaks and when done working with material.

Technical measures to prevent exposure

Provide good ventilation and local exhaust in the area with increased concentration.

8.2.2. Personal protective equipment

Eye and face protection

Safety glasses with side protection (EN 166).

Hand protection

Protective gloves (EN 374).

Skin protection

Cotton protective clothing (EN ISO 13688) and shoes that cover the entire foot (EN ISO 20345).

Respiratory protection


Thermal hazards


8.2.3. Environmental exposure controls



9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties

- Physical state: solid
- Colour: white
- Odour: None

Important health, safety and environmental information

- pH No information
- Melting point/Freezing point > 2000 °C
- Initial boiling point/boiling range > 2980 °C
- Flashpoint No information
- Evaporation rate No information
- Ignition temperature Not flammable.
- Explosion limits (vol%) No information
- Vapour pressure No information
- Vapour density No information
- Density Relative density:
900 – 1100
- Solubility Water:
- Partition coefficient No information
- Auto-ignition temperature No information
- Decomposition temperature No information
- Viscosity No information
- Explosive properties No information
- Oxidising properties No information

9.2. Other information

- Remarks:


10.1. Reactivity


10.2. Chemical stability

Product is stable under normal conditions according to handling and storage.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions


10.4. Conditions to avoid

No special precautions required. Consider the directions for use and storage.

10.5. Incompatible materials


10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

Under normal use conditions no hazardous decomposition products expected.

11. Toxicological information

11.1. Information on toxicological effects

11.1.1. Acute toxicity

For components
Chemical name exp. route Type species Time value Method Remark
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) oral LD50 rat > 5000 mg/kg
aluminium oxide (1344-28-1) inhalation LC50 rat > 2,3 mg/l
(1344-28-1)* oral LD50 rat 5000 – 10500 mg/kg
(1344-28-1)* inhalation LC50 rat 1 h 18 – 18 mg/l
* Source: IUCLID (For information only)

11.1.2. Skin corrosion/irritation, serious eye damage/irritation

No information

11.1.3. Respiratory or skin sensitisation

No information

11.1.4. Carcinogenicity, Mutagenicity, Reproductive toxicity


No information

(Germ cell) mutagenicity

No information

Reproductive toxicity

No information

Summary of evaluation of the CMR properties

No information

11.1.5. STOT - single and repeated exposure

No information

11.1.6. Aspiration hazard

No information

12. Ecological information

12.1. Toxicity

12.1.1. Acute (short-term) toxicity

Acute toxicity of ingredients (IUCLID)

CAS Species
Fish Daphnia Algae
1344-28-1 LC50/96h: 3185 - 478 mg/l * EC50/48h: 632 - 18000 mg/l * LC50/72h: 10000 - 320 mg/l *
 Source: IUCLID (For information only)

12.1.2. Chronic (long-term) toxicity

No information

12.2. Persistence and degradability

12.2.1. Abiotic degradation, physical- and photo-chemical elimination

No information

12.2.2. Biodegradation

No information

12.3. Bioaccumulative potential

12.3.1. Partition coefficient

No information

12.3.2. Bioconcentration factor (BCF)

No information

12.4. Mobility in soil

12.4.1. Known or predicted distribution to environmental compartments

No information

12.4.2. Surface tension

No information

12.4.3. Adsorption/Desorption

No information

12.5. Results of PBT and vPvB assessment

No evaluation.

12.6. Other adverse effects

No information

13. Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

13.1.1. Product / Packaging disposal

Waste chemical

Disposal must be made according to official regulations: to leave it to authorized collector/remover/transformer of hazardous waste.


Completely emptied containers leave to approved waste disposal authorities in charge.

13.1.2. Waste treatment-relevant information


13.1.3. Sewage disposal-relevant information


13.1.4. Other disposal recommendations


14. Transport information

14.1. UN number

not applicable

14.2. UN proper shipping name

ADR, RID, IMDG, ADN, IATA: Not dangerous according to transport regulations.

14.3. Transport hazard class(es)

not applicable

14.4. Packing group

not applicable

14.5. Environmental hazards


14.6. Special precautions for user

not applicable

14.7. Transport in bulk according to Annex II of Marpol and the IBC Code

not applicable

15. Regulatory information

15.1. Safety, health and environmental regulations/legislation specific for the substance or mixture

- Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)(including last amendment Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/830)

- Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures

15.1.1. Information according 2004/42/EC about limitation of emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC-guideline)

not applicable

15.2. Chemical Safety Assessment

No Chemical Safety Assessment has been carried out for this substance/mixture by the supplier.

16. Other information

Indication of changes

New product name.

Key literature references and sources for data

Safety Data Sheet of GK, Version 1.0

List of relevant H phrases


The information of this SDS is based on the present state of our knowledge and meets the requirements of EU and national laws. The user’s working conditions however, are beyond our knowledge and control. The product is not to be used for purposes other than those specified under section 1 without a written permission. It remains the responsibility of the user to ensure that the necessary steps are taken to meet the laws and regulations. Handling of the product may only be done by people above 18 years of age, who are satisfactorily informed of how to do the work, the hazardous properties and necessary safety precautions. The information given in this SDS is to describe the product only in terms of health and safety requirements and should not, therefore, be construed as guaranteeing specific properties.